It also contains smaller and simpler versions of the more elaborate designs, but they always have a beauty of their own. It is believed that the Dutch who had seen the natives of Indonesia use wax resist dying to create pattern (Batik) enlisted West African men to assist their army in Indonesia. This way they are able to express their national pride and supports the fact that Africa had its fabric way before it started interacting with the west. Clothing was not generally needed for warmth or protection in most areas of the African continent due to the warm and hospitable climate and many tribes did not wear much at all. There was an increasing demand for these textiles and the Dutch were the main supplier. Raffia strands are also interwoven between the warp and weft to create intricate geometric patterns. History. Korhogo cloth is made by the Senufo people of the Ivory Coast. Red represents death or bloodshed, and is often worn during political rallies; green stands for fertility and vitality, and is worn by girls during puberty rites; white means purity or victory; yellow represents glory and maturity and is worn by chiefs; gold is for continuous life, is also worn by chiefs; blue represents love and is often worn by the queen mother; and black meaning aging and maturity and used to signify spirituality. In Africa, the cloths and woven fabrics used for living are as traditional as basket weaving and are ingrained in African culture. From shop Shopafrican. African Fabric Fat Quarters in 19.5 x 15.7 Inch/ 50 x 40 cm Ankara Print Fabric for Sewing African Ankara Wax Print Fabric Face Covering Making Fabric Craft Projects and DIY Patch Work (12 Pieces) 4.5 out of 5 stars 20. Among the most well known are the Ankara fabric from Western Africa, kitenge from Eastern Africa, and African mudcloth.They are used to add an extra element of style or design and each has their own rich history and meaning from their respective cultures. The method of producing kente, called strip weaving, has existed in West Africa since the 11th century. From Africa Renewal: September 2020. This fabric can endure heavy wear and tear. The method of producing African wax print fabric is called batik, which is an ancient art form. Illustration by Leon Benett from book by Jules Verne, 1878. For example, today’s version of a Dashiki is vastly different from the ones our ancestors wore back in the day. Brocade or Basin fabric is very popular in West Africa. Some older Asoke cloths are characterized by their openwork or holes. Very informative history about african fabrics, noted in my mind. African cloths have been popular in Western cultures for quite some time. In Cameroon, there is evidence that the bark of the tree was used to make fabric. Kente cloth originated from the Fante people of Ghana, who sold this fabric in baskets. $18.99 $ 18. of 4,645. ikad aztec tribal patterns south africa fabric silk scarf face africa fabric african fabric pattern ethnic ikat vectors african fabric patterns abstract ethnic ikat pattern african motifes. We get a lot of questions about the African textiles that are used for our goods. For example, if a section of Manjaka cloth has triangles, the background area will feature a different pattern. Adinkra cloth is made by embroidering wide panels of dyed cotton and stamping them with carved calabash symbols. Also, there is enough evidence that the Cameroonians made fabric from obom. This is how Batik found its way in Africa. 1.9.3.6). This cloth is also called Basin fabric. In recent times, BBC ran a story on African textile tradition and VLISCO where it claimed that they are actually European. Some of the oldest surviving African textiles were discovered at the archaeological site of Kissi in northern Burkina Faso. Look no further for elegant women's, men's, and children's clothing with your favorite African prints. Still, in Cameroon, the kings were dressed in clothing that were finely woven and embellished with beads. Across Africa, there are many distinctive styles, techniques, dyeing methods, and decorative and functional purposes. By John Picton. Ibn Battuta who explored the African continent encountered and talked about weavers in Tumbutu as early as the 1300s. Get latest news & updates from Fabrics USA ! African textiles are textiles from various locations across the African continent. 464,416 african fabric stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. The History of African Textiles and Fabrics Many centuries ago, hair from animals was woven to insulate and protect homes. However, historical facts show that this is not true. Only 5 left in stock - order soon. For us in the Diaspora, it is important to understand the history and evolution of African textiles. Weaving methods and fibers used today varies within the African continent. A Brief History of African Mud Cloth Fabric. Khasa consists of heavy woolen striped blankets that are woven by the Fulani of Mali. It is an informal and inexpensive fabric with a distinctive border and political slogans. Also, the images of the Nubians in the south show that they already had a thriving textile industry as evidenced in the images on pyramids at Meroe. If you want to know more about all the meanings, subtleties and rich history of this famous African fabric, we invite you to read Anne’s Wax & Co! However, as the economies of African countries improve, there are signs that the high-end African merchandisers have begun to carry African attires. Aside from the variations in ingredients used in the vat, there are a vast amount of dyeing techniques known to have been practiced in Africa, some of these still existing today. Today, the African print fashion is closely associated with its heritage and is amazing in many aspects. Handpicked for perfection, these fabrics and clothing won't disappoint. Manjaka originated from Guinea-Bissau and has complex designs. We’re launching a series on each of the textiles used for Expedition Subsahara products, starting with mudcloth. For instance, by 1300s, African people wore woven cotton and golden threads. African Wax Print Fabric, high quality African wax. Her overall aim is to revive traditional African woven textiles and assure their future while making sure industry survives. For more than a thousand years, West Africa has been one of the world's great textile-producing regions. Historically textiles were used as a form of moneysince the fourteenth century in West Africa and Central Africa. Kuba cloth comes in two styles. When he started creating designs for the newly acquired Nigerian market in the 1960s, he simply came up with patterns himself that he thought would work. In the mid-19th century, these handmade textiles attracted West African men who were enlisted by the Dutch to boost their army in Indonesia. July 21, 2015, For more information, special requests or custom orders please contact us via. it was formerly produced by the Dutch in the early 19th century as batik inspired wax print with the intention of selling the print to Indonesians but were hindered by economic restrictions imposed on the sale of an foreign prints by Indonesia government who were keenly interested in protected and promoting their … Note that before VLISCO set its foot in Africa in 1846, there existed some African print fabric. The word “dashiki" comes from the Yoruba word danshiki, used to refer to the loose-fitting pullover which originated in West Africa as a functional work … This cloth is woven in 4-inch wide strips that vary in length. Also, the Bogolan came from the Kente cloth of Ghana, and the Mali traditional weavers. Therefore, it should be no surprise that a colorful world of fashion coincides with such a rich history. Mud cloth is made from narrow strips of hand-spun and hand-woven cotton, which are sewn together in various widths and lengths. He started out using whitework patterns and adapted paisley shapes in larger formats. Regardless of what history says about the African fabric, it is now becoming apparent that there existed some African fabric before the continent got in touch with the rest of the world. The Ndembeles from Zimbabwe and South Africa have beautiful blankets and quilts that are handmade. Mud is painted on the cloth to create patterns of animals, men in ceremonial dress, buildings, or geometric designs. However, this is nothing but falsifying facts with the intention of creating more controversies. For instance, narrow strip weaving is used in West Africa and in the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly called Zaire). It tells us that there existed African fabric before the colonization era. Adinkra patterns are numerous, ranging from crescents to abstracts forms; each of the symbols carries it own significance and represents events of daily life activities. Africa Imports provides a variety of African Fabrics and Prints. Ghanan dresses. Learn more about what we offer and shop now. So we can confidently say that Africa had its own fabric as early as 5,000BC. Jenny's background and passion for design has taken us in some exciting new directions lately. African Fabric Fat Quarters in 19.5 x 15.7 Inch/ 50 x 40 cm Ankara Print Fabric for Sewing African Ankara Wax Print Fabric Face Covering Making Fabric Craft Projects and DIY Patch Work (12 Pieces) 4.5 out of 5 stars 20. West African soldiers, who were serving in Indonesia in the 1800’s, started to import the fabrics into Africa. Kente is a brightly coloured, inked material with different patterns and designs which is made in Ghana. African Tie Dye Fabric is popular in Africa. Today, there’s a pattern to indicate the importance of almost any special occasion, and colors are chosen to reflect customs and beliefs. Historically, African consumers don't care about flawless precision, but tend to see other values in textiles like the fabric's origins, colors, patterns and signs, Sarlay thinks. The method of producing kente, called strip weaving, has existed in West Africa since the 11th century. Adire cloth comes from Nigeria. For instance, a cloth is dyed yellow, and then melted wax is applied to areas that are yellow. African Fabric Fat Quarters in 19.5 x 15.7 Inch/ 50 x 40 cm Ankara Print Fabric for Sewing African Ankara Wax Print Fabric Face Covering Making Fabric Craft Projects and DIY Patch Work (12 Pieces) 4.5 out of 5 stars 22. History of Kente. Fashion And Fabric: African History Told Through Printed Wax Clothing. In stock on January 18, 2021. Mudcloth, Kente, Kuba Cloth, George Fabric, Brocade Fabrics, and more. Africa has a rich history of textile production. $18.99 $ 18. Kuba cloth is used for ceremonial skirts, wall hangings, or mats for sitting and sleeping. One is made by tie dying or by stitching a design with raffia. These are also clothes with deep meaning: often, fabrics have hidden messages. View and buy: our latest African furnishing fabrics. Also, the fact that when Islam was introduced in Africa, many converts started wearing boubou means that the fabric industry was already thriving by the time the religion was introduced. The measures, which were meant to encourage free market economies ended up removing tariffs, making the Asian made imports to become cheaper than the African made textiles. You can place your orders online right from the comforts of your home. To create Kuba cloth, vegetable dyes are used on raffia threads that are then embroidered onto finished cloth to create patterns such as rectangles, lines, creative curvatures, and circles. In Kenya the Kitenge festival is a popular event held periodically and is meant to highlight the varied uses of Kitenge fabric. The second method is painted freehand or stenciled using a starchy paste made from cassava or yams. Historically, denim was made of silk and wool in Nimes, France (hence the name "de Nim"), and not of the all-cotton variety we are familiar with today. This fabric has long been a favorite of mine, largely due to its colorful nature and wonderful patterns. African fabric craft set of 10 different 8"x22 , African wax print fabric Fat eighth bundle, Random 10 Fat Eighth fabric set, quilt fabric Shopafrican. An ancient pottery found at Badari shows an ancient depiction of a loom dating back to this period, while a 12th dynasty image from the tomb of Khnumhotep shows weavers using a horizontal loom (ca 2400 BC ). Fabrics play an important role in the lives and ceremonies of many traditional and indigenous communities. Yara African Fabrics | Best Supplier of African Fabrics | New York, United States | 100% Cotton Authenticity Guaranteed | Woven Mud Cloth, Kuba Cloth, Wax Print, Batik, Batik Tie Dye, Brocade, Handmade from Mail | Embroidered | Java Fabrics, Addis Ababa "DASHIKI" Fabrics, Vegetable Dye Fabrics | But with the current interest in textiles outside of Africa, textiles and handmade fabrics are being cut and fashioned into contemporary clothing and home furnishings, including pillows, upholstered furniture, wall hangings, blankets, and throws. A common method of tie dyeing is the formation of patterns of large and small circles in various combinations. Nothing says African fabrics like the traditional West African wax print fabric from Mitex.Combining striking bold designs with beautiful and bright colours, our vast selection of wax prints bring together much-loved traditional patterns with contemporary motifs which are gaining in popularity across Nigeria and West African. Notice that it is falsely believed that the Ankara fabric traces its roots to the Dutch people. It is true that Africans have worn VLISCO textiles for many years but this does not suggest that they did not contribute to the textile. There are vendors who only deal in and sell African fabrics. He had never seen African fabrics himself or received any for inspiration and had never been to Africa. Historically, African consumers don't care about flawless precision, but tend to see other values in textiles like the fabric's origins, colors, patterns and signs, Sarlay thinks. African Print fabrics are reproductions and machine made. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. By Franck Kuwonu. Kente patterns have religious, political, and even financial significance. At African Fabrics Australia we have a unique collection of African Textiles and artisan products. The crackling effect displayed on the cloth is caused by the wax-resist dyeing technique and special machinery. Listen to article. As textiles became more sophisticated, they were also used as currency for trading. This suggests that the Dutch company did not introduce the VLISCO fabric in Africa but instead improved on what was existing. Early hieroglyphics, sculptures, and pyramids depicted Egyptians in cloth dress, and by 2,000 B.C.E., renderings of early looms were discover… For instance, by 1300s, African people wore woven cotton and golden threads. We’re launching a series on each of the textiles used for Expedition Subsahara products, starting with mudcloth. The designs are printed onto the cloth using melted wax before dye is applied to add usually 2 or 3 colours. See more ideas about african pattern, african, pattern. Both styles of Adire can be found today. African clothing only flourished in women who could afford to buy the fabric. There are two types of Ewe cloth. These Asian patterned print though low in quality were cheap and affordable to everyone. African Americans adopted the article as a means of rejecting Western cultural norms. Because of its vibrant beauty and regal legacy as a cloth fit for kings and queens, authentic Kente remains one of the most popular fabrics on the market today. It is also believed that the Kanembu clothing tradition was already in existence in 800s. A new show at the Fowler Museum at UCLA explores the ideas of appropriation and ownership of African dress, and how African history and … It has an important place in traditional Malian culture and has, more recently, become a symbol of Malian cultural identity.The cloth is exported worldwide for use in fashion, fine art and decoration. Therefore, you might hear it called Dutch Wax Print, or A brief history of wax resist printing — and the rise of ‘African fabric’ ... African-print wax fabrics were enjoying their heyday. Many centuries ago, hair from animals was woven to insulate and protect homes. Ewe cloth is similar to the Asantes’ kente cloth. A Whole Continent of Textiles. They are made of wool or fine animal hair in a weft-faced plain weave pattern. By: Franck Kuwonu. There are two types of Adire. Fresca Fashion – the African Fabrics store online that sells luxurious and premium fabrics – is a leading manufacturer of traditional fabrics and garments from the continent of Africa. Our fabrics are 100% cotton. Handpicked for perfection, these fabrics and clothing won't disappoint. Interestingly, the West Africans did not see any big deal with those imperfections and adopted the Indonesian-inspired fabric as their own. The Kuba from the Democratic Republic of Congo cannot be left behind. The soil used to make this mud is usually black, brown, or rust and is collected throughout West Africa. A design is drawn onto the fabric. Try these curated collections . 'African wax print fabric is a defining methaphor of African design, fashion and expression; an immediately recognisable icon throughout the world'. Also, the Bogolan came from the Kente cloth of Ghana, and the Mali traditional weavers. Vogue Fabrics was established in 1970 and are based in a prime location in London. Also, the fact that, the Kings used to wear Kente cloth with golden threads in the olden days further attest that the textile industry was thriving in Ghana before 1800. Below is an overview of some of the common techniques and textile materials used in various African regions and c… Adire Cloth: The original Tie & Dye Adire textile is a resist-dyed cloth originating from the Yoruba people of southwest Nigeria. To produce a multicolor effect, colors are applied one top of the other, beginning with the lightest color. Get it as soon as Wed, Jan 13. Pictures of African Clothing and fabric designs, useful for Art during Black History Month. Although the traditional blanket is white, it is also common to have yellow, black, or red strips. So when the method of applying resin to either side of a piece of cotton was born In Belgium at the end of the 19th century, the technology was already in Africa. Notice that the pyramids and sculptures all show that the Egyptians were wearing clothes by 2400BC. This cloth is known as “ nwentom ” in the Akan – ethnic group of South Ghana. Studies further show that the early British explorers were totally amazed by the beauty of the Ashanti attire. Kente is no ordinary cloth and is easily recognisable worldwide. From 5,000 B.C.E., Ancient Egyptianswere known to cultivate flax for the purpose of weaving linen. Africa Imports is the largest wholesale supplier of Afrocentric products. Super Exclusive Supreme Ankara Wax Block Print, Meba Wo Abrokyere / Meba Wo Abrokyere African Ankara Wax Print, Authentic Woven Cloth/Fabric - Baule, Yacouba, Senufo Cloth/Fabric, Battuta,One of The Greatest Scholar of All Time, 33 Fantastic African Designers Who are Changing The Fashion World, Controversy about African Fabrics History: 7 Things You Need To Know. Khasa is usually ordered for the cold season. Mud cloth is a cotton fabric with an abundance of cultural significance throughout Africa. This is found particularly among people from Senegal, Gambia, and the Yoruba of Nigeria. Perhaps he was inspired by the fact that the Wax hollandaise used high-quality threads and was not only beautiful but elegant. The New York Times, on the other hand, wrote a story claiming that indeed Africa’s fabric was Dutch. A very popular tie-dyeing technique in Nigeria is to paint freehand with starch before dyeing in indigo in order to resist the dye. Directly to your inbox. African textiles are a part of the cultural heritage of its people. The group, which also includes the more affordable West African-based textile brands of Uniwax, Woodin and GTP, produced 58.8 million yards, or 53.8 million meters, of fabric … Textiles in Africa. In fact, it is believed that they were designed to meet the needs of the people of African. Traditional and modern African fabric from the countries of the continent of Africa! See more ideas about african quilts, quilts, art quilts. Also, the images from the tomb of Khnumhoteo shows that the horizontal loom was in use as early as 2400BC. Kuba cloth originated from the Democratic Republic of Congo (also known as Zaire). Some fragments have also survived from the thirteenth century Benin City in Nigeria. This textile, which comes in various lengths and widths, is used for clothing as well as for pillows, wall hangings, and folding screens. Hair, along with fibers from various plants and trees, were used to create bedding, blankets, clothing, and wall, window and door hangings. African Brocade fabric is made from 100% cotton. Features & Benefits. Bògòlanfini or bogolan (Bambara: bɔgɔlanfini; "mud cloth") is a handmade Malian cotton fabric traditionally dyed with fermented mud. The color, the pattern and the style are mind-boggling no wonder you will find them attracting people of all races from all over the world. The raffia fiber was woven into clothes and is still being used to make clothing and bags. Asoke cloth is very sturdy and practical. BBC and New York Times have been on the forefront in falsifying facts and making the world believe Africa did not have its own fabric. The other type is made from simple cotton fibers and display modest patterns. 99. 99. Textiles are often enhanced through hand-stamping, stenciling, dyeing, painting, or embroidery. Beyonce, Gwen Stefani, Kim Kardashian and Solange are some of the celebrities that have been spotted on the red carpet wearing Kitenge designs. The founder of VLISCO Peter Fentener Van Vlissingen discovered that it was possible to mechanize the already existing wax-printing method which was used to make the African Wax hollandaise to make fabrics. The yarn available locally for spinning was cotton, which grew in at least two colors, white and pale brown. Mud cloth originated from Mali and once worn by hunters. As stated in “The Spirit of African Design”, Adinkra means “farewell” and was used for funerals and to bid a formal farewell to guests. Kitenge fabric has a long history and gives the Eastern African region an identity. Many of the ancient designs and weaving methods are used today and remain an important part of African lifestyles. The Yoruba in Nigeria reserved this cloth for funerals, religious rituals, and other formal occasions. The fabric industry in Africa is believed to have been in existence even before 5,000 BC. The cloth is first dyed with a yellow solution extracted from the bark of the M’Peku tree and the leaves and stems of the Wolo tree; the solution acts as a fixative. The Fante word for basket is “kenten”. Blue Jeans and Denim Fabric . The cloth is dried after each stage of the dyeing process, and then the wax is removed by scraping or boiling it off the cloth. However, the weaving is slightly different in the Democratic of Republic in that they incorporate raffia palm leaf to create their Kuba cloth. A mainstay of African fashion, the Ankara, wax hollandais or Kitenge fabric holds up a mirror to history. HISTORY OF AFRICAN PRINT FABRICS Many centuries ago, hair form animals were woven to insulate and protect homes. We hand pick all our fabrics including Ankara - Kente - Indigo - Batik - Mud Cloth from West Africa. This cloth is named after the Ewe people who originated from the southeastern region of Ghana. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. A Mainstay Of African Fashion, “ankara,” “wax Hollandais “or “kitenge” Fabric Holds Up A Mirror To History . In Swahili the plural form is called ‘vitenge’ while in Tonga it is called ‘zitenge’. The process is repeated several times to obtain a rich color that is deeply imbued in the cloth. The yarn available locally for spinning was cotton, which grew … M y mother’s box holds colours. Did you know that African print fabric (commonly known as ‘Ankara’ in West Africa and ‘Kitenge’ in East Africa) were first produced in Indonesia? The evolution of African clothing is difficult to trace because of the lack of historical evidence. See african fabric stock video clips. The bold, bright fabrics associated with West and Central Africa, known as pagne, are in fact something of a newcomer to the region. This will resist the dye giving pale areas on a dark background when it’s washed at the end of the dyeing process. Help Us to Keep Magento Healthy - Report All Bugs (ver. Sometimes soil is used to make paint, and dyes can originate from herbs, leaves, bark, nuts, fruits, vegetables, and grasses; these are mixed with water or other chemicals such as zinc, sulfur, or iron to obtain the desired thickness and hue. Image by Eva Blue. Look no further for elegant women's, men's, and children's clothing with your favorite African prints. These fabrics are great for quilting, clothing, homewares and accessories. In some parts of Nigeria, red is a threatening color worn by chiefs to protect them from evil, but it is a sign of accomplishment in other areas, while red is used for mourning robes by the Akan in Ghana and for burial cloths in Madagascar. Dark colors, like brick red, brown, or black, were associated with death while white, yellow, and light blue were worn for festive occasions. There is evidence that African wore their own fabric earlier than the 1800s and so the 1900 pictures that showed them naked can only be treated as pigments of the drawer’s imaginations. When we started this channel we wanted to show black people in historically inspired garb. Otumfuo Osei Tutu II, the current King of the Ashanti Kingdom wearing kente Once they returned to Ghana, they started to weave the beautiful and … These are only a few examples of tie-dyeing methods used in Africa today. It explains the elegance and color of the dresses the Ndebele women wear and suggests that Africans had their own wear. Take Beyoncé, who rocked the printed cotton fabric for her baby shower last year, asking her guests to wear African-centred gelées, kufis and wax-printed pieces. Fashion History; Fabrics and Fibers; African Textiles; African Textiles. Our latest shipment from Ghana is unpacked and on the website NOW. These textiles hold cultural significance and also have significance as historical documents of African design. Traditional and modern African fabric from the countries of the continent of Africa! However findings show that African prints also known as Dutch wax did not originate from African alone. As textiles became more sophisticated, they were also used as currency for trading. We also create custom made Homewares and Headwraps from our range of … There are several techniques used for resist-dyeing. Unique designs are intricately woven into shiny and starchy fabric. In 1697, the King of the Ashanti Kingdom, Osei Tutu, selected several weavers from nearby towns and villages to travel to neighbouring Ivory Coast to become experts in the complex art form. 5 min read. It has an interesting history, originating in Holland, intended as a knockoff of Indonesian Batik print. As textiles became more sophisticated, they were also used as currency for trading. Video, PowerPoint, graphics, poster/flyer and social media templates. The folds and the binding resist the dye to produce a cross-hatched effect. Hair, along with fibers from various plants and trees, were used to create bedding, blankets, clothing, and wall, window and door hangings. Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis in 1873 invented blue jeans in response to the need for laborers for durable men's workwear. We have a unique range of Mens, Kids and Womens fashion and accessories including - Maasai jewelry - Baskets … FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. $18.99 $ 18. The History of Seersucker: A Wrinkle in Summer Fabrics. There is a growing belief that the VLISCO patterns are not European but were inspired by Africans. It forms an important part of the East African culture. Although historical pictures depict Africans as naked people who used to walk around without clothes, the truth of the matter is that Africa had its own fabrics before it got in touch with the rest of the world. If our ancestors were able to see the brightly colored machine-made textiles that we associate with Africa today, I don't know if they would recognize them. Hair, along with fibers from various plants and trees, were used to create bedding, blankets, clothing, and wall, window and door hangings. Colors hold different cultural meanings based on village or family affiliations. African textiles have had and still have an exceptional significance as a means of communication, information and mutual association within particular communities. When it reaches the desired hue, the cloth is washed with a caustic solution to remove debris and to brighten the background. Manjaka cloth is woven in 7-inch wide strips that are sewn together; this textile is distinguished by its intricate geometric patterns. The Kente cloth is a type of silk and cotton fabric made of interwoven cloth … Fridays are the day to wear “African print” outfits in Ghanaian offices, yet some designers are boycotting such fabrics - arguing they are not actually African. Having talked so much about the history of African fabric, it is important to note that the Ankara fabric thrived in the early 60s, 70s, and 80s. High quality African wax print fabrics. Version of a Dashiki is vastly different from the Democratic Republic of Congo ( called... Fabric make-up s he mixes cotton with raffia or silk and also plastics! Clothing with your favorite African prints also known as Dutch wax print is. Framed for use as wall hangings Republic of Congo can not be left behind to! Jules Verne, 1878 - Explore Donna Doyle 's board `` African pattern, learned it and it... 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