The Ruy Lopez, also known as the Spanish Game, is one of the most popular openings in chess, and has long been considered the best way for White to fight for an advantage after 1.e4 e5. This subtle move can lead to aggressive positions, such as the Marshall attack. The more common continuation, 10.d4, is ECO C95. Please login to your account first; Need help? It turns out that white’s idea to win a pawn with Bxc6 followed by Nxe5 doesn’t work yet, as … An important alternative is 4.d3, dubbed the Anti-Berlin, which avoids the notorious Berlin endgame. It immediately puts the question to White's bishop, and after 4. Main The Ruy Lopez Main Line. The Norwegian Variation" in New in Chess Yearbook 37. The Norwegian connection was first introduced by Svein Johannessen who played the line from 1957 and later strengthened when Simen Agdestein and some other Norwegian players adopted the variation. Perhaps the most famous game in this variation is Smyslov–Reshevsky, 1945 USSR–USA Radio Match. Kxf7 7.Nxe5+, which drives the black king out, has been played. ?, a move suggested by his trainer, Igor Zaitsev. White will try to attack on the kingside via 17.Bg5, moving forces to the kingside. C76 is characterised by the Black kingside fianchetto 5...Bd7 6.d4 g6. With the move order 3...a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 d6, Black waits until White castles before playing ...d6. This may transpose into the Anti-Berlin above if White continues with 5.d3, or in the case of 4...bxc6, to the main line with 5.0-0 Nxe4 or 5.d4 Nxe4, but White has other continuations to 4...bxc6, such as 5.Nc3, and Black has other replies to both 5.0-0 and 5.d4. It remains the most important of t… Be3 Bg4 16. Alternatives to the Closed Defence described in this section are: In the Exchange Variation, 4.Bxc6, (ECO C68–C69) White damages Black's pawn structure, giving him a ready-made long-term plan of playing d4 ...exd4 Qxd4, followed by exchanging all the pieces and winning the pure pawn ending. Named for Ruy López de Segura, a 16th-century Spanish bishop, the position is reached by playing the moves 1. e4 e5 2. When buying a chess set online, avoid all the hassle if unfortunate breaks or loss happens. The logical retreat is 18.Be3, which is met by 18...Nc5. The Chigorin Variation was refined by Mikhail Chigorin around the turn of the 20th century and became the primary Black defence to the Ruy Lopez for more than fifty years. The Cozio Defence (part of ECO C60), 3...Nge7, is distinctly old-fashioned and the least popular of the defences at Black's third move. And, compare the two lines that follow (Variation 2 and Variation 2a). The Smyslov Defence, Fianchetto Defence, Barnes Defence, or Pillsbury Defence (part of ECO C60), 3...g6, is a quiet positional system played occasionally by Vasily Smyslov and Boris Spassky, becoming popular in the 1980s when it was shown that 4.c3 a6! It's quite surprising how few opening books for playing the Ruy Lopez as white there are, given that it's one of those lines that have a claim of being "the main line of chess". GM EFSTRATIOS GRIVAS is a world renown trainer. The Bird Defense (3. Artur Yusupov is one of the few grandmasters who has adopted the Dilworth repeatedly.[21][22][23]. If White plays c2–c3, the position can take some characteristics of the Ruy Lopez if his bishop retreats to c2 via Bc4–b3–c2. Steinitz's opinion did not prevail, however; today, 3...a6 is played in over 65 percent of all games beginning with the Ruy Lopez.[6]. It was later discovered that 4.d4 exd4 5.Bg5 gives White the advantage, and as such the variation is rarely played today. 3…a6, forcing white to clarify the intent of the intruding light-squared bishop immediately, remains the main line of the Ruy Lopez. The Spanish priest Ruy Lopez, who was the strongestplayer of his day, described inthe 1500s the opening which now bears his name. For practical purposes the opening has not been en-thusiastically welcomed by the average player, who has to cope with the deep posi-tional plans, large amounts of theory and, more impor- tantly, the prospect of White repeating moves to secure a draw. The main line is considered to be 5.d4 exd4 6.Qxd4 Qxd4 7.Nxd4 Bd7 (rather than Capablanca's 7...Bd6) 8.Be3 0-0-0 with an approximately equal position. Black may sacrifice a pawn with 8.c3 d5 9.exd5 Nxd5 10.Nxe5 Nxe5 11.Rxe5 Nf4. Black has gained the bishop pair at the cost of a weakened pawn structure, having doubled pawns on c6 and c7. Re1 b5 7. Bb5 a6 4. 9.Nxc6 Bxh2+! The Schliemann Defence or Schliemann–Jaenisch Gambit (ECO C63), 3...f5! [19] White is objectively better here, but Black keeps some good practical chances owing to the sharp positions that occur. Paul Keres played the line several times. Main The Ruy Lopez Main Line. White's main continuation is 7.a4 after which Black responds with the typical move 7...Rb8 reaching the starting point of this highly complex variation. After 9.c3 Bc5 10.Nbd2 0-0 11.Bc2, Black must meet the attack on e4, with the following possibilities from which to choose: 11...f5, 11...Bf5, both of which aim to maintain the strongpoint on e4, or the forcing line 11...Nxf2, introduced by the English amateur Vernon Dilworth. White damages Black's pawn structure, and will usually try to trade pieces to get into a favorable endgame. An uncommon reply to 4.d3 is 4...Ne7, which tries to set up the Mortimer Trap. The Ruy Lopez (also known as the Spanish Game) is an extremely popular opening and one of the oldest in the history of chess. 8.Re1 d5 9.Nc3!, Bobby Fischer–Petar Trifunovic, Bled 1961[18]) 8.dxe5 Be6. There are six ECO classifications for the Modern Steinitz. Miniatures in the Main Line Ruy Lopez - Kindle edition by Hansen, Carsten. Bb3 O-O 8. c3 d5 9. exd5 Nxd5 10. Other Black moves in this position are 11...Bb7 and 11...Nd7; the latter was adopted by Keres a few times in the 1960s. With 9...Bb7 Black prepares to put more pressure on e4 after 10.d4 Re8 11.Nbd2 Bf8, when play can become very sharp and tactical. White may defend it directly with 5.d3, the Anderssen Variation or; 5.Nc3 transposing to the Four Knights, Spanish Variation; but both moves interfere with White's natural plan of playing c3 and d4. Play chess with the computer, friends or random opponents. The opening is named after the 16th-century Spanish priest Ruy López de Segura, who made a systematic study of this and other openings in the 150-page book on chess Libro del Ajedrez, written in 1561. The Chigorin Variation has declined in popularity because Black must spend some time bringing his offside knight on a5 back into the game. Aan winkelwagen toevoegen The Ruy Lopez (also known as the Spanish Game) is an extremely popular opening and one of the oldest in the history of chess. In the Classical World Chess Championship 2004, challenger Peter Leko used the Marshall to win an important game against World Champion Vladimir Kramnik. Then coordinate an attack on Black’s Kingside. [33][failed verification], This gambit became famous when Frank James Marshall used it as a prepared variation against José Raúl Capablanca in 1918; nevertheless, Capablanca found a way through the complications and won. Ruy Lopez Opening: Main Line - 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 d6 8.c3 0-0. It turns out that white’s idea to win a pawn with Bxc6 followed by Nxe5 doesn’t work yet, as we’ll soon see! Nxe5 Nxe5 11. He put it on his 2015 engine, which, to his surprise, told him Black was slightly better. White’s idea: Gain an advantage in the center by playing pawn to c3 and then pawn to d2–d4. [40] White plays 9.d3 intending to later advance to d4 under favourable circumstances. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Bxc6. The Ruy Lopez (also known as the Spanish Game) is an extremely popular opening and one of the oldest in the history of chess. While it is solid, it leaves Black with a passive position, making it an unpopular defense in modern play. Today the theory in the Zaitsev variations extends beyond the middlegame, and it is rarely seen at the top levels because of the need to remember a lot of theory. Free online chess server. The Arkhangelsk Defence (or Archangel Defence) (ECO C78) was popularized by Soviet players from the city of Arkhangelsk such as GM Vladimir Malaniuk. Known for being very solid, the Berlin Defense is often used as a weapon for drawing as Black by strong players who are familiar with the key lines. The Berlin Defence, 3...Nf6, has long had a reputation for solidity and drawishness and is commonly referred to as "the Berlin Wall". Language: english. Jon Jacobs wrote in the July 2005 Chess Life (p. 21): "A database search (limited to games longer than 20 moves, both players FIDE 2300+) reveals the position after 7.Nxd4 was reached 20 times from 1985–2002. It is named after a spanish priest who published one of the first books dedicated to Chess. An alternative to 6...d6 is 6...b5 7.Bb3 Bb7. Re1 b5 7. This threat and its feasibility explain a lot in both sides’ first 5 or 6 moves in the Ruy Lopez, whatever precise line is played. Also known as the Spanish Opening, it’s one of the oldest openings in the game and many great players like Alekhine, Capablanca, Smyslov, Fischer, Karpov, Kasparov, Shirov and Short included it in their repertoire. (not 8...Nxd5, when White gets the advantage with 9.Qh5 g6 10.Qf3). Following 4.d4, Black proceeds with 4...Bd7 which breaks the pin but also defends against White's threat of winning a pawn with 5.Bxc6 and 6.dxe5. To the casual observer it might seem that Black has been careless and lost a pawn; however, the sacrifice has also stripped White's kingside of its defenders, given Black a lead in development, and rendered White's 8.c3 irrelevant. Black is threatening to win the e4-pawn via ...exd4 uncovering an attack on the pawn, so White plays 14.Ng3. leads to the Tarrasch Trap. He tells you what the strategic goals of the main line of the Ruy Lopez are, and the way you can continue in tournament play. In this article, we will check some ideas in the Ruy Lopez for Black. An old continuation is 11...f5, when after 12.Nb3 Bb6 13.Nfd4 Nxd4 14.Nxd4 Bxd4 White can gain some advantage with Bogoljubov's 15.Qxd4. (Because Iwas brought up in East Anglia and not Spain, I described it foryears as the "Royal Opez", but I believe it is properly pronounced morelike"Ree Lop'eth".) What about black? The Ruy Lopez (also known as the Spanish Game) is an extremely popular opening and one of the oldest in the history of chess. The main point of 3...a6 is that after the common retreat 4.Ba4, Black will have the possibility of breaking a future pin on the queen knight by playing ...b5. Black's move 4...Nf6 threatens White's e-pawn. Open Variation, l'Hermet Variation after 8...Kxd8, Morphy Defence: alternatives to Closed Defence, Steinitz Defence Deferred: 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 d6, Arkhangelsk Defence: 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 b5 6.Bb3 Bb7, Modern Arkhangelsk Defence: 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 b5 6.Bb3 Bc5, Closed Defence 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 Be7: alternatives to Main line, Delayed Exchange Variation Deferred: 6.Bxc6, Main line: 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.0-0 Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 d6 8.c3 0-0, Yates Variation and Bogoljubow Variation: 9.d4, Morphy played 3...a6 in the second (a draw) and fourth (a win for Morphy) games of his 1858 match with, List of chess openings named after people, "Lasker vs. Capablanca, St. Petersburg (1914)", "Adhiban vs. Nakamura, FIDE World Cup (2013)", "Fischer vs. Portisch, 17th Chess Olympiad (1966)", "Fischer vs. Gligoric, 17th Chess Olympiad (1966)", "Anatoly Karpov vs. Viktor Korchnoi, Candidates Final, 1974", "Johann Jacob Loewenthal vs. Paul Morphy (1859)", "Vachier Lagrave vs. Caruana, Candidates Tournament (2020)", "Grischuk vs. Caruana, Candidates Tournament (2020)", "Introduction - Peter Svidler chess video", "Robert James Fischer vs. Petar Trifunovic (1961)", "Jose Raul Capablanca vs. Edward Lasker (1915)", "Vasily Smyslov vs. Samuel Reshevsky, USSR–USA Radio Match, 1945", "Morovic-Fernandez vs. Yusupov, Tunis Interzonal, 1985", "Ljubojevic vs. Yusupov, Tilburg Interpolis, 1987", "Short vs. Yusupov, Belgrade Investbank, 1989", "Keres vs. Euwe, FIDE World Championship tournament, 1948", "Keres vs. Reshevsky, FIDE World Championship tournament, 1948", "Anatoly Karpov vs. Viktor Korchnoi, World Chess Championship, 1978", "Garry Kasparov vs. Viswanathan Anand, World Chess Championship, 1995", "Nigel Short vs. Anatoly Karpov, Candidates Semifinal, game 6 (1992)", "Nigel Short vs. Anatoly Karpov, Candidates Semifinal, game 8 (1992)", "CHESSGAMES.COM * Chess game search engine", "Viswanathan Anand vs. Michael Adams (2013)", "Introduction to the 6.d3 Spanish - Peter Svidler chess video", "Vladimir Kramnik vs. Peter Leko, World Chess Championship, 2004", "Teichmann vs Schlechter, Karlsbad (1911)", "Jose Raul Capablanca vs. Efim Bogoljubow (1922)", "Kasparov vs. The move ...Qd4, regaining the pawn at e4, is usually impossible in these variations once White has castled, due to the open e-file. It has been played by virtually all the greats of the game, providing the battle scene for many world championship clashes involving … Today this variation is the most common opening after 1.e4 e5 and almost all the top players regularly play it. The Modern Arkhangelsk Defence (or Modern Archangel Defence) (ECO C78) is a refinement of the regular Arkhangelsk Defence by incorporating ideas similar to the Møller Defence. Be3 Bg4 16. The Morphy Defense (3. It has been played by virtually all the greats of the game, providing the battle scene for many world championship clashes involving the likes of Fischer, Karpov, Kasparov and Kramnik. The Berlin is assigned ECO codes C65–C67. Since Black's third move does not threaten to win the e-pawn—if Black captures it, White will win back the pawn on e5[50]—White usually castles. It has been played by virtually all the greats of the game, providing the battle scene for many world championship clashes involving the likes of Fischer, Karpov, Kasparov and Kramnik. FLEAR - The Ruy Lopez... De temps à autre, il arrive qu'un... Nos magasins . The lines covered in this book, the Ruy Lopez – Main Lines, arise (with a few exceptions for move order and such) after 1 e4 e5 2 Nf3 Nc6 3 Bb5 a6 4 Ba4 Nf6 5 0-0. The Dilworth Variation (or Attack), 11...Nxf2 12.Rxf2 f6 13.exf6 Bxf2+ 14.Kxf2 Qxf6 has scored well for Black, with many traps for the ill-prepared White player. Grandmaster Glenn Flear investigates the main line of the Lopez, outlining the crucial ideas and tactics for both White and Black. Chigorin played the Russian Defence in the 1890s, and later it was adopted by Rubinstein and Alekhine. [38], Currently, Armenian Grandmaster Levon Aronian is one of the main advocates for the Marshall Attack.[39]. More recently, Sergei Tiviakov has played it, as has Nigel Short, who essayed it twice in his 1992 match against Anatoly Karpov and won both games.[28][29]. With 9...Nb8 Black frees the c-pawn and intends to route the knight to d7 where it supports e5. In case of the immediate 7.e5 Black takes advantage of the absence of the white rook from e1 and plays 7... Ne4 with the idea of 8... Nc5. White's best response is 4. The Open Variation (4. A Karpov favourite, the Zaitsev remains one of the most important variations of the Ruy Lopez. Preview. Peace of Mind. It is also known as the ’Spanish game’. If White fortifies the centre with 10.d3 the opening is classified ECO code C94. Nd2 Re6 18. a4 Qh5 ?, is a sharp line in which Black plays for a kingside attack, frequently sacrificing one or two pawns. C89 Ruy Lopez, Marshall, main line, Spassky variation. It is also known as the ’Spanish game’. The Ruy Lopez Main Line: Amazon.es: Flear, Glenn: Libros en idiomas extranjeros. 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